2 . This battle field is
situated in between the way of Makkah and Madina. The new highway
doesn't touch this city (Badar is actually a city). If you travel from
Makkah to Madina on old highway, you may find Badar field. It
comes 80 miles before reaching madina. Now badar is itself
a small city of saudi arabia.
Shuhda-e-badar burried here where arrow falling.
Battle field of Badar (An old picture)
Look of badar battlefield and Masjid-e-Areesh
BATTLE FIELD OF BADAR AND GRAVES OF SHUDAS
3 . Near the city
of Badar you may find a small oval shaped field which is
surrounded by mountains, is the battle field of Badar. Here, there are
two mosques. One of them is built just on the spot where the shade of
Prophet (S. A. W.) was made during the battle. It is slightly at the
little height. This mosque is called "Al - Areesh" or "Al - Ghamama".
Here prophet Muhammad sallala ho allhi wasalam begged an historic dua .
he begged from Almighty Allah to give victory to the little force of
islam .He sallallaho allihi wasalam beged Almighty Allah and said
if the muslims were defeated and martyred , there would
be no one to pray one and lonely God. ALmighty Allah accepted his
S.A.W. dua and only 14 muslims got shahat (martyred) and muslim became
victorious. kuffar were killed in hundreds.
interior of masjid-e-Areesh
Stone of masjid-e-Areesh on main masjid gate
Masjid Areesh at Badar field where the shelter for
prophet Muhammad sallalla ho allihiwasalam was
fixed (An old pic)
Position of forces in Badar
4 . Abu Jahal (Omer bin
Hash-sham) one of the biggest enemies of Islam was killed in this war
and Muslims became victorious. Total fourteen Muslims were (Shaheed)
killed. 13 out of them were burried in historic badar battle
field and one in te way between badar and madina munawarrah.Perhaps he
was seriously injured and accepted shahadat in the way when victorious
carvan was returning to madina.
Name of fourteen SHUHUDAS in badar battle
It is really the field of great importance. And if any body get chance to visit it, must try, not to miss it as now a days it is difficult to reach here. All the transport use new highway which is built on the way what was the actual route of Prophet's (S. A. W.) hijrat. Badar is on the old highway.
Arrow shows the well of badar where muslims pitched their camps
The emigration of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) to Medina had turned the enemies from Mecca more hostile, and they constantly kept on thinking how they could overthrow him, and put an end to Islam. The Meccans and their allies started to bring their raids to the very outskirts of Medina, destroying the fruit trees of the Muslims and carrying away their flocks.
The winter of 624 AD saw the invasion of Medina by a strong force of Meccans led by Abu Jahl consisting of all army of 1000 strong with 700 camels and 100 horses.
Masjid Areesh where the camp and shelter over it of prophet muhammad
sallalla ho allihi wasalam was fixed.(Areesh means SHELTER)
Receiving information about this force, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) decided to meet the enemy outside Medina at a place called as Badr (200 Miles from Mecca and 80 Miles from Medina). He set out with three hundred and thirteen of his followers. This small force was marshaled out of Medina with the youthful Ali holding the Banner of the Prophet (S.A.W).
Warfare in those days followed a different pattern. Before the general battle began, a number of duels were fought between the leading warriors on each side. When the Muslims reached the fertile vale of Badr, a favorite watering place and camping ground on the caravan route, three stations northwards from Mecca, the Prophet (S.A.W) ordered a halt, taking up a suitable position near a stream of fresh water, to await the arrival of the infidel army. It was on the next day, Friday, 17th Ramazan 2 AH or January 13th 624 AD that the enemy, blowing their trumpets, approached the Muslims, and both forces were arrayed in battle.
BADAR BATTLE FOUGHT HERE
Three of the infidel warriors, Utbah, the father-in-law of Abu Sufyan, his brother Shaybah, and Al-Walid son of Utbah came out of the ranks and arrogantly challenged the Muslims. Three Ansars of Medina stepped forward to meet this challenge. This greatly enraged the Meccans who refused to combat with the Ansars saying, "We have not come all this way to cross arms with the Medinites, against whom we bear no grudge. We challenge the people of Mecca who have the courage to defy us." Upon this Ali and Ubaydah, cousins of the Prophet, and Hamzah his uncle, responded to the challenge. In the words of Col. Bodley, "At the taunt of the Quriashite, Ali dashed out of the Muslim ranks glittering in breast-plate and helmet. He was soon followed by Ubaydah bin al-Harith, a paternal cousin of Muhammad and Hamzah who wore an ostrich feather in his Cuirass. The three companions were thus closely related to Muhammad and fulfilled the Quraish for Hashimite blood!"
The three duels were as rapid as they were murderous. Hamzah killed Shaybah, While Ali killed Al-Walid. Ubaydah was mortally wounded, but before he fell, Ali and Hamzah were able to come to his rescue. Hamzah hurled himself at Utbah, and with a sweep of his sword cut off his head. In a few minutes three of Mecca's most important warriors had been sent to find out the truth about the hell which Muhammad (S.A.W) had promised them!"
With a cry of rage three more Meccans darted from under Abu Jahl's banner and assailed the Muslim champions (Ali and Hamzah). They too went down before the sword of Islam. A further three were dealt with the same fate. There was a moment of hesitancy among the Quraishites. Muhammad (S.A.W) did not miss his advantage. With a sharp order he sent his soldiers charging into a general attack.
The line of the Quraish wavered and a number of their bravest and noblest fell; they took to flight ignominiously, and in their haste to escape they threw away their armor and abandoned their transport animals with all their camp and equipage. Seventy of the bravest Quraish were slain and forty-five taken prisoners, and their commander, Abu Jahl and Hanzala Ibn Abu Sofyan, were amongst the slain.
Though it was the first engagement of the youthful Ali, he showed surprising results and was praised by one and all. He killed no less than sixteen-though some historians give him credit for thirty-six of the bravest and the most prominent of the Quraish army.
Battle of Khandaq (Trench)
Till 15 years ago the battle field of khundaq looked like this
Now a beautiful modern masjid is built which is covering major area of khundaq battlefield
1 . It is a battle field where the famous battle of Khandaq (Trench) was fought. On the advise of Syedna SULEMAN FARSI (RA). Muslims dug trenches first time during this war. Before this event Arabs do not know about trenches.
2 . During this battle some prominent companions pitched their camps on different places in this field. Now a days five small mosques are built on that particular spots. The name of five mosques are as under in which "Masjid -e- Fatha" is the most important.
a) Masjid - e - Fatha:
It is the place
where Prophet (S. A. W.) prayed continuously for three days until
Almighty Allah accepted his (S. A. W.) will and Muslims got victory
over enemies. It is the place of great importance and pilgrims must
offer "two rakat nafil" here. Syedna Jabir (RA) said when ever he (RA)
had a problem, he (RA) had come to that spot, begged and never became
This mosque is extremely on eastern side of this field and it is at a little height where steps are built to reach there. This is situated on the top of the mountain named "SULLAH". Stairs are built for pilgrims to reach there.
LATEST VIEW OF MASJID-E-FATHA
Masjid fatha at jabl-e-suleh
LOOK OF MASJID-E-FATHA
-e- Suleman Farsi (RA) :It
is the mosque in the bottom of mount of sulah. when
pilgrim goes up through stairs to reach to the the top of the sullah mount where the most important mosque of this battle field -"masjid-e-fatha" is situated you may find the mosque of suleman farsi in the way just few steps up from ground level. It is advisable to offer two rakat here you may go up to reach masjid-e-fatha.
companion of Prophet sallalla ho allih iwasalam syedna Suleman farsi belonged to persia (faras----now Iran) and he was the man who advised prophet sallalla ho allihi wasalam to dig trenches (khundaq) around madina to encounter the attack of enemies who were coming to fight against muslims of madina. Prophet sallalla ho allihi wasalam approved his noble advise and muslims won without war. Because of this fact the masjid-e-suleman farsi is also very important mosque to see .it is built exact to the place where this noble companion pitched his tent during war.
View of masjid sulaman farsi (R.A)
This is the place where syedna suleman farsi pitched his
tent on the occasion of battle of trench.
d) masjid -e- Umer (RA): This mosque is also situated at little distance to mosque of abu bakar siddiq on plain surface of trench battle field.
-e- Ali (RA): This mosque
is built exact to the place where the camp of syedna Ali was
it is masjid-e-Ali Radi Allho talla anhoo
in battle field of
trench. here syedna Ali pitched his camp.
ANOTHER VIEW OF MASJID-E-ALI
Another view of masjid-e-Ali in khandaq war field
3 . In this battle Muslims enjoyed a number of God gifted events which are briefly decried here.
a) One soldier from enemy came to Prophet (S. A. W.) and said he had accepted Islam but had not disclosed over his nation. Prophet (S. A. W.) advised him to got back to his side and try to misguide enemies. He (RA) did as Prophet (S. A. W.) advised him which gave a favourable result.
b) Strong wind and stormy atmosphere made a lot disturbance in enemies camp but Muslims remained completely saved by this havoc and panic.
c) Groups of angels were sent by Almighty Allah who put panic and harassment on the heart of enemies.
d) It is very spiritual place and Saudi Government
has now made a park here. Taxis and busses carry pilgrims to visit this
battle field during other ziarat.
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