<bgsound src="labbaik1.mid">MAKKAH MUKARRAMA...

This is the purest part of the earth. This is the place which is chosen by Almighty Allah (GOD) for His HAR`M. In Holy "Quran" it is called  "BA-BAKKATUL MUBARKA". This part of the earth is also discussed and explained in other religious book  like Bible.

Makkah City a bird eye view

beautiful view of todays' Makkah city
a street of toady's' Makkah city

it was a rough and colourless place which was covered by black mountains. There was neither any source of water nor any type of bushes. No body, could think about life but Almighty Allah chose this place, and now, it is a beautiful, modern city, which colours and lights are indescribable. It is called "UM-MUL QURA" which means the mother of all cities.

Due to respect and purity, there is no Airport in Makkah but in Jeddah, which is one hour drive away has two International Airports and a sea port . Jeddah is the first destination for the pilgrims. Umra pilgrims may easily come to makkah from both of the jeddah airports by buses and taxis which are easily available out side airports.. Buses generally takes 20 riyal per person whereas private taxis charges 100 riyals. Already arranged transport is provided to Haj pilgrims who goes their through proper haj scheme.
      view of king khadid airport -------jeddah
outside view of king khalid air port jeddah

jeddah makkah express way. Rahal above road indictes makkah boundries starts
it is jeddah makkah express way. symbolicRahal
(quran stand) and verses of quran over head is in
fact the place where the boundries of Holy makkah
starts. Non muslims not allowed beyond this point.

           Oh---my beloved holy Makkah is very near now.
                               A SIGN BOARD
.For academic information it may be noted that in arabic jeddah means "grand mother or incestor" . Since this is the city where the grave of syeda hawa (the EVE) is situated, it is called Jeddah (city of the mother of all human beings).
grave of syeda hawwa (the eve) in jeddah
Around masjid-ul-Haram in Makkah a number of modern hotels and apartments are available where pilgrims can stay. In Hajj and during Ramadan rates are very high but negotiable whereas, in other months rates are considerably  low and rooms are easily available. A number of international telephone booths are available around Makkah Mosque. computerized public call offices are also there. From  midnight to Salat-ul-Fajr, discounted rates on International calls are applied.

The main bus terminus is situated near to Bab-e-Fahad (One of the gate of Masjid-ul-Haram) where government buses (SABTACO--saudi arabian gus transport corporation--) are available round the clock for Madina-e-Munawwara and other cities of Saudi Arabia.
According to Syedna Ali (R.A), there is difference between Makkah and Bakkah. The city is called Makkah but inner side of Haram where Tawaf is done is called Bakkah. It looks logical as Tawaf is not allowed outside Haram.

The whole city is surrounded by number of dry mountains and their height is 200 to 600 feet. In fact, these mountains are natural and safety walls. It is nearly 3 Km. long from east to west and its width is 1-1/2Km. from south to north.

The name of mountains around Makkah are:
    -    Qalg Mount                (in the north)
    -    Qaqian Mount            (in the north)
    -    Hindi Mount               (in the north)
    -    Kuda Mount               (in the north)
    -    Abu Hadida Mount      (in the south)
    -    Kudi Mount                (in the south)
    -    Mount Qubais            (in the south)

Mount Kuda and Mount Qubais are the most historical mount among all others. When Prophet (P.B.U.H) conquered Makkah. He (P.B.U.H) entered in the holy city as a conqueror (victorious) through Kuda Mount. On the other hand Qubais Mount is called the first ever mount which was created by Almighty Allah on the earth.

Makkah is 30 meter high to sea level and its temperature varies between 25C to 50C. From December to Feburary it is medium cold but from March to October it remains hot but June, July and August are very hot.
 For current temperature in makkah click here

In holy Quran Makkah is described in 50 places.


        1 .  This is the Greatest mosque of the Universe where Almighty Allah blesses  sawab more than one lac times compare to the salat offered  any other places / mosques. it is called Grand mosque or Masjid-ul-Haram

        2 .  In the middle of this mosque, there is KABA-TUL-LAH, which is the QIBLA ( Direction of Prayers---SALAT) of Muslims.
sattelite view of holy makkah and masjid ul haram

3 .  There are only three mosques in the world where the Prophet MUHAMMAD (S. A. W.) ordered to come specially for offering Salat (Prayer). Out of these three, First one is Masjid -ul- Haram.

 "In masjid ul haram Almighty Allah descends 120 mercies continuously. out of which 60 are awarded to those who has been doing their tawaf around holy kabbah. 40 mercies are gifted to those who are offering  their salat (compulsory or optional nafil ) and 20 are fixed for those who  are just sitting and watching continuously towards holy kabbah"

Out view of Haram
4 .  This mosque is a unique model of construction. It is so big, millions of  faithful may gather here in the same time. Sound system is so effective, that a man does not feel himself far from "IMAM" . Lighting system is incredible, no one can realize when sun sets and artificial lights replace it.

5 .  There are 95 gates of Masjid -ul- Haram, out of which 5 are main gates.

6 .  In Masjid -ul- Haram, there is a Centrally Air Conditioning system.

7 .  Lifts and escalators are installed for upper level  as well as the roof. A basement is also built. Whole the Mosque is fully carpeted and thousands of  cold Zam Zam coolers are kept very systematically through out the mosque which double its attraction.
              picture of basement of Haram

Out of Haram newly constructed floor around the mosque has increased the capacity of faithful to offer prayer. This floor is a model of unique construction. Modern bathrooms and washrooms are built in the basement out side Haram which may be used by thousands of pilgrims at a time. escalators take pilgrims in double layered bathrooms. These bathrooms are built in front of each and every gate of haram. supreb and modern bathing and ablution facilities are available here. some bath rooms are reserved for ladies and  sign boards are fixed over them. Arabic and english directives are written over it. In arabic gents wash room  is called "DURA-E-MEYA RIJAL" and   "DURA-E-MEYA NISA " is known as ladies wash room. Rijal means MEN whereas NISA means Woman.(see arabic Ahlan Dictionary for necessary arabic/english meanings)

8 .  Main five gates of Masjid -ul- Haram are
                            -   BAB -e- MALIK ABDUL AZIZ
                            -   BAB -e- FATEH
                            -   BAB -e- SAFA
                            -   BAB -e- UMRA
                            -   BAB -e- FAHAD (The Newest Gate)

9.   Area of Masjid-ul-Haram:    365,000 Sq. Meter
10. Capacity of worshipers  :     773,000 people
11.  Big Tombs                    :    4 tombs (these are built on Bab-e-Fatha, Bab-e-Abdul Aziz, Bab-e-Umra
12.  Small Tombs               :    48 (Total 52 tombs)
13.  Total Gates                  :    95
14.  Escalators                    :    56
15.  Lifts                            :     available near  Bab-e-Safa
16.  Minarets                      :    9    (Bab-e-Fahad, Bab-e-Abdul-Aziz, Bab-ul-Umra have 2 minarets each.                                                                           each .But Bab-e-Safa has only one minaret.)
17.  Height of Minarets       :    92 Meters.




Modernly built underground place of wazoo out side masjid-ul-haram Makkah.
--------ABLUTION AREA-------------



1 .  It is a square shaped building, situated in centre of  Masjid-ul-Haram. All the Muslims of the world perform their Salat (prayer) facing towards Kaba.

A View of Kabatullah. Multazim (The gate of Kaba Shareef) is visible.
2 .  The continuos "TAWAF" of people is really wonder of whole world. Rain, sun, storm never prevents people to do Tawaf of Kabat-Ullah.


3 .  Firstly It was built by angels and then syedna Adam {Allaihi Salaam} (The First Man on The World And The Prophet of Allah) constructed It.

Kaba Shareef -  Masjid-ul-Haram

4 .  Lastly Syedna IBRAHIM (Allaihi Salaam) and his son ISMAIL (Allaihi Salaam) reconstructed It as angels of Allah pointed out the foundation of original KABA - "BAIT -UL- ATEEQ"

5 .  It is said that the Kaba which was firstly constructed by angels has been lifted to the Seventh Sky by Almighty Allah and It is still there. This KABA is called "BAIT -UL- MA`MOOR".  When the last and beloved Prophet MUHAMMAD (S. A. W.) went over skies in MERAJ Night, He (S. A. W.) met with IBRAHIM (Allaihi Salaam) who was sitting with the wall of "Bait-Ul-Mamoor".


a) Length of out side walls:
    -    From Hajra-e-Asvad to Rukkan-e-Iraqi -37 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Iraqi to Rukna-e-Shami -31 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Shami to Rukna-e-Yemeni -37 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Yemeni to Hajra-e-Asvad-30 ft. 0 inches.

    A unique picture of 1941.kaba
      surrounded by flood water

it is drapery (cover/ghilaf) inside kaba

New drapery (ghilaf )being hanged
             over holy kabba's' wall


                       Holy kabba
          (approx 80 years old picture )

Rare picture of inner side of kabba-tullah. Holy kabba
has two roof inner side. you can see second roof just
below top roof.

King Fahd's Expansion of
The Holy Mosques of Makkah

In 1988 (1408/09 AH) King Fahd laid the foundation stone for the third Saudi expansion of the Mosque in the Holy City of Makkah, and so began the latest, and most spectacular, phase in its recent development. In his role as Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd's attention to the needs of the Holy Places has been unfaltering, and most obviously manifested in a multi-billion dollar program of modernization to make the places of pilgrimage more accessible to ever greater numbers.

The development of the Holy Mosque site in Makkah has incorporated an expansion of the western wing of the existing Mosque, and a subsequent enlargement of the building to hold more than a million worshippers during the Holy Month of Ramadan, and during Umrah and Hajj. The expansion project includes over 60,000 square meters of prayer area on the enlarged roof, in addition to another almost 86,000 square meters in the surrounding plaza. Two towering minarets have been added to complement the seven existing whitened stone structures, the latest additions carefully matching the former in architectural style. An elaborate new entrance and 18 other gates have also been built. Other exquisite decorative work commissioned by King Fahd adorns a series of three domes running parallel to the main gate structure and close to 500 marbled columns on the ground and first floors

New prayer halls on the ground and first floors are complete and ready to accommodate the millions who now make the journey of a lifetime to the Holy City of Makkah, and a sophisticated broadcasting network has been installed to cope with the additional requirements. Indeed, the safety and comfort of the Hajjis has become a major concern for the authorities, necessitated by their sheer volume in recent years. The newly laid floor tiles were made of specially developed heat-resistant marble, and to further ensure the comfort of worshippers the whole structure is cooled by one of the world's largest air-conditioning units. To facilitate the movement of worshippers to the newly developed roof area of the Holy Mosque during the busiest seasons, additional escalators have been incorporated alongside a number of fixed stairways in the northern and southern sides of the building. Moreover, in order to reduce the build-up of traffic around the Holy Mosque, the development project has involved the construction of a new tunnel for vehicles in the vicinity of Alsouk Alsagir. Pedestrian routes and tunnels have also been carefully planned and laid out to ensure the safety of the worshippers.

Other improvements resulting from King Fahd's initiative have included a newly laid drainage system. (Flooding and drainage problems had beset the Holy City of Makkah and its holy sites since the pre-Islamic period.)

To facilitate the movement of worshippers to the newly developed roof area of the Holy Mosque during the busiest seasons, additional escalators have been incorporated alongside a number of fixed stairways in the northern and southern sides of the building. To accommodate the escalators, two buildings were constructed. Each building had two sets of escalators. These, added to the escalators installed elsewhere in the Holy Mosque, bring the total number of escalators to 56, with the capacity to handle 105,000 people an hour.

Free car parks, with a 12,000-vehicle capacity, have been provided for pilgrims so that they may leave their cars and travel from the car parks to the Holy Mosque by bus or taxi in ten to twenty minutes, depending on the volume of traffic. Pedestrian routes and tunnels have also been carefully planned and laid out to ensure the safety of the worshippers.

Other improvements resulting from King Fahd’s generous patronage have included a newly laid drainage system. (Flooding and drainage problems had beset the Holy City of Makkah and its Holy Sites since the pre-Islamic period.)

In order to reduce traffic congestion around the Holy Mosque, the development project has involved the construction of a new tunnel for vehicles in the vicinity of Alsouk Alsagir.

His highness custodian of two holy mosques king 
Fahad BIN Abdul Aziz is laying down inaugural 
stone for the expansion of  Masjid-ul-HaramMakkah. 
Crown prince Abduallah Bin Abdul Aziz is also 
helping king standing on his right.

Since the time of the late King, Abdul Aziz till the time of the Holy custodian, the effort of the kingdom increases year after another to take care of these sacred places, and the provision of rest and security for the pilgrims of the Holy Mosque and the visitors of the Prophet Muhammad's Mosque (P.B.U.H). There is also a project of continuous expansion of the Holy mosques and the other sacred places, which have been widely expanded by King Fahad, which is considered as the largest expansion of these two Holy Mosques in their histories the extension of the area of the Holy Mosque in Makkah from 192,000 sqm to 365,000 sqm, and this has led to the capacity of receiving of the prayers from 410,000 prayers to 773,000 prayer and this expansion receives more than one million prayers at the time of the seasons, especially in the pilgrimage season and in Ramadan by using the near by court yards to the mosque and the ceilings. 


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