KABBAT-ULLAH
1 .  It is a square shaped building, situated in centre of  Masjid-ul-Haram. All the Muslims of the world perform their Salat (prayer) facing towards Kaba.

A View of Kabatullah. Multazim (The gate of Kaba Shareef) is visible.

TThe holy quran defines  kabbah  in this way :

ayat about kabba
TRANSLATION
The  first house of rightness for all human beings is that which is situated in scared Ba bakkah ( i-e MAKKAH)
 
2 .  The continuos "TAWAF" of people is really wonder of whole world. Rain, sun, storm never prevents people to do Tawaf of Kabat-Ullah.

TAWAF IS BEING DONE

  

                           This the unique picture of INNER VIEW OF HOLY KABBAH.                           

                               Who does not want to see the inner side of  holy kabbah                                 

3 .  Firstly It was built by angels and then syedna Adam {Allaihi Salaam} (The First Man on the earth And The Prophet of Almighty Allah)

Kaba Shareef -  Masjid-ul-Haram

4 .  Lastly Syedna IBRAHIM (Allaihi Salaam) and his son ISMAIL (Allaihi Salaam) reconstructed It as angels of Allah pointed out the foundations of  theoriginal KABA - "BAIT -UL- ATEEQ"

5 .  It is said that the Kaba which was firstly constructed by angels has been lifted to the Seventh Sky by Almighty Allah and It is still there. This KABA is called "BAIT -UL- MA`MOOR".  When the last and beloved Prophet MUHAMMAD (S. A. W.) went over skies in MERAJ Night, He (S. A. W.) met with IBRAHIM (Allaihi Salaam) who was sitting with the wall of "Bait-Ul-Mamoor".
 

6.  MATHEMATICAL
     MEASUREMENT
     OF
     KABBA
        _______________________________________________________
a) Length of out side walls:
    -    From Hajra-e-Asvad to Rukkan-e-Iraqi -37 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Iraqi to Rukna-e-Shami -31 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Shami to Rukna-e-Yemeni -37 ft. 6 inches
    -    From Rukna-e-Yemeni to Hajra-e-Asvad-30 ft. 0 inches.

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    SOME UNIQUE AND RARE  IMAGES OF
                            HOLY KABA

! .    A unique picture of 1941. Holy kaba 
            surrounded by flood water

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2. it is drapery (cover/ghilaf) inside kaba
                           wall

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3.New drapery (ghilaf )being hanged
            over holy kabba's' wall
 

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____________________________________
4.  Holy kabba

   (approx 80 years old picture )

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5.  Rare picture of inner side of kabba-tullah.
    Holy kabba
has two roof  inner side. you can
         see second roof just
below top roof.


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6.        HOLY KABBAS' INNER WALLS
     INITIATING  BY LATE KING FAISAL OF
                      SAUDI ARABIA


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7. INNER WALLS OF HOLY KABBA
          BEING  CONSTRUCTED 1N
                       YEAR 1999
                     (PIC COURTESY BY MAKKAWAI)

______________________________________ 

8. An imaginary view of holy land of kabba
   when nothing was there. The central part
   shows the  exact place where holy kabba
    is situated today.



AN  INTERESTING ACADEMIC 
PARA ABOUT KABBA


The Kaaba: It's Size and History!

The small, cubed building known as the Kaaba may not rival skyscrapers in height or mansions in width, but its impact on history and human beings is unmatched.

The Kaaba is the building towards which Muslims face five times a day, everyday, in prayer. This has been the case since the time of Prophet Muhammad  over 1400 years ago.

The Size of the Kaaba:

The current height of the Kaaba is 39 feet, 6 inches and total size comes to 627 square feet.

The inside room of the Kaaba is 42.64x29.52 feet. The Kaaba's walls are one 3.28 feet wide. The floor inside is 7.22 feet higher than the place where people perform Tawaf.

The ceiling and roof are two levels made out of wood. They were reconstructed with teak which is capped with stainless steel.

The walls are all made of stone. The stones inside are unpolished, while the ones outside are polished.

This small building has been constructed and reconstructed by Prophets Adam, Ibrahim, Ismail and Muhammad (peace be upon them). No other building has had this honor.

Facts about the Kaaba that many are unaware of.

The other names of the Kaaba

Literally, Kaaba in Arabic means a high place with respect and prestige. The word Kaaba may also be derivative of a word meaning a cube.

Some of these other names include:


Bait ul Ateeq-
which means, according to one meaning, the earliest and ancient. According to the second meaning, it means independent and liberating. Both meanings could be taken

Bayt ul Haram
-
the honorable house

The Kaaba has been reconstructed up to 12 times

Scholars and historians say that the Kaaba has been reconstructed between five to twelve times.

The very first construction of the Kaaba was done by Prophet Adam. Allah says in the Quran that this was the first house that was built for humanity to worship Allah.

After this, Prophet Ibrahim and Ismail rebuilt the Kaaba. The measurements of the Kaaba's Ibrahimic foundation are as follows:
the eastern wall was 48 feet and 6 inches
the Hateem side wall was 33 feet
the side between the black stone and the Yemeni corner was 30 feet
the Western side was 46.5 feet


Following this, there were several constructions before the Prophet Muhammad's  time.

Reconstruction of Kaaba by Quraish

Prophet Muhammad  participated in one of its reconstructions before he became a Prophet.

After a flash flood, the Kaaba was damaged and its walls cracked. It needed rebuilding.

This responsibility was divided among the Quraish's four tribes. Prophet Muhammad  helped with this reconstruction.

Once the walls were erected, it was time to place the Black Stone, (the Hajar ul Aswad) on the eastern wall of the Kaaba.

Arguments erupted about who would have the honor of putting the Black Stone in its place. A fight was about to break out over the issue, when Abu Umayyah, Makkah's oldest man, proposed that the first man to enter the gate of the mosque the following morning would decide the matter. That man was the Prophet. The Makkans were ecstatic. "This is the trustworthy one (Al-Ameen)," they shouted in a chorus. "This is Muhammad".

He came to them and they asked him to decide on the matter. He agreed.

Prophet Muhammad  proposed a solution that all agreed to-putting the Black Stone on a cloak, the elders of each of the clans held on to one edge of the cloak and carried the stone to its place. The Prophet then picked up the stone and placed it on the wall of the Kaaba.

Since the tribe of Quraish did not have sufficient funds, this reconstruction did not include the entire foundation of the Kaaba as built by Prophet Ibrahim. This is the first time the Kaaba acquired the cubical shape it has now unlike the rectangle shape which it had earlier. The portion of the Kaaba left out is called Hateem now.

Construction After the Prophet's Time-Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr

The Syrian army destroyed the Kaaba in Muharram 64 (Hijri date) and before the next Hajj Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr, may Allah be pleased with him, reconstructed the Kaaba from the ground up.

Ibn az-Zubayr wanted to make the Kaaba how the Prophet Muhammad  wanted it, on the foundation of the Prophet Ibrahim.

Ibn az-Zubayr said, "I heard Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) say, 'The Prophet said: "If your people had not quite recently abandoned the Ignorance (Unbelief), and if I had sufficient provisions to rebuild it [the Kaaba], I would have added five cubits to it from the Hijr. Also, I would make two doors; one for people to enter therein and the other to exit." (Bukhari). Ibn az-Zubayr said, "Today, I can afford to do it and I do not fear the people.

Ibn az-Zubayr built the Kaaba on Prophet Ibrahim's foundation. He put the roof on three pillars with the wood of Aoud (a perfumed wood with aroma which is traditionally burned to get a good smell out of it in Arabia).

In his construction he put two doors, one facing the east the other facing the west, as the Prophet wanted but did not do in his lifetime.

He rebuilt the Kaaba on the Prophet Ibrahim's foundation, which meant that the Hateem area was included. The Hateem is the area adjacent to the Kaaba enclosed by a low semi-circular wall.

Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr also made the following additions and modifications:
put a small window close to the roof of the Kaaba to allow for light.
moved the door of the Kaaba to ground level and added a second door to the Kaaba.
added nine cubits to the height of the Kaaba, making it twenty cubits high.
its walls were two cubits wide.
reduced the pillars inside the House to three instead of six as were earlier built by Quraish.
For reconstruction, ibn az-Zubayr put up four pillars around Kaaba and hung cloth over them until the building was completed. People began to do Tawaf around these pillars at all times, so Tawaf of the Kaaba was never abandoned, even during reconstruction.


During Abdul Malik bin Marwan's time

In 74 Hijri (or 693 according to the Gregorian calendar), Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf al-Thaqafi, the known tyrant of that time, with the approval of Umayyad Khalifa Abdul Malik bin Marwan, demolished what Ibn az-Zubayr had added to it from the older foundation of Prophet Ibrahim, restore its old structure as the Quraish had it.

Some of the changes he made were the following:

he rebuilt it in the smaller shape which is found today
took out the Hateem
walled up the western door (whose signs are still visible today) and left the rest as it was
pulled down the wall in the Hateem area.
removed the wooden ladder Ibn az-Zubayr had put inside the Kaaba.
reduced the door's height by five cubits


When Abdul Malik bin Marwan came for Umra and heard the Hadith that it was wish of Prophet  for the Kaaba to be constructed the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr had built it, he regretted his actions.

Imam Malik's advice to the Khalifa Harun al Rasheed

Abbasi Khalifa Harun al Rasheed wanted to rebuild the Kaaba the way the Prophet Muhammad  wanted and the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr built it.

But when he consulted Imam Malik, the Imam asked the Khalifa to change his mind because constant demolition and rebuilding is not respectful and would become a toy in the hands of kings. Each one would want to demolish and rebuild the Kaaba.

Based on this advice, Harun al Rasheed did not reconstruct the Kaaba. The structure remained in the same construction for 966 years, with minor repairs here and there.

Reconstruction during Sultan Murad Khan's time

In the year 1039 Hijri, because of heavy rain, flood and hail, two of the Kaaba's walls fell down.

The flood during which this occurred took place on the 19th of Shabaan 1039 Hijri which continued constantly, so the water in the Kaaba became almost close to half of its walls, about 10 feet from the ground level.

On Thursday the 20th of Shabaan 1039 Hijri, the eastern and western walls fell down.

When flood receded on Friday the 21st of Shabaan, the cleanup started.

Again, a curtain, the way Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr established on 4 pillars, was put up, and the reconstruction started on the 26th of Ramadan. The rest of the walls except for the one near the Black Stone, were demolished.

By the 2nd of Dhul Hijjah 1040 the construction was taking place under the guidance of Sultan Murad Khan, the Ottoman Khalifa. From the point of the Black stone and below, the current construction is the same as that done by Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr.

The construction which was done under the auspices of Murad Khan was exactly the one done at the time of Abdul Malik ibn Marwan which is the way the Quraysh had built it before Prophethood.

Total stone  of kaaba
On Rajab 28 1377, One historian counted the total stones of the Kaaba and they were 1,614. These stones are of different shapes. But the stones which are inside the outer wall which is visible are not counted in there.

Reconstruction of the Kaaba In 1996

A major reconstruction of the Kaaba took place between May 1996 and October 1996.

This was after a period of about 400 years (since Sultan Murad Khan's time).

During this reconstruction the only original thing left from the Kaaba are the stones. All other material has been replaced including the ceiling and the roof and its wood.

What is inside the Kaaba

The president of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) had the opportunity to go inside the Kaaba in 1998. He describes the following features:

there are two pillars inside (others report 3 pillars)
there is a table on the side to put items like perfume
there are two lantern-type lamps hanging from the ceiling
the space can accommodate about 50 people
there are no electric lights inside
the walls and floors are of marble
there are no windows inside
there is only one door
the upper inside walls of the Kaaba were covered with some kind of curtain with the Kalima written on it


 

 
King Fahd's Expansion of
The Holy Mosques of Makkah
Masid-ul-Haram

In 1988 (1408/09 AH) King Fahd laid the foundation stone for the third Saudi expansion of the Mosque in the Holy City of Makkah, and so began the latest, and most spectacular, phase in its recent development. In his role as Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd's attention to the needs of the Holy Places has been unfaltering, and most obviously manifested in a multi-billion dollar program of modernization to make the places of pilgrimage more accessible to ever greater numbers.

The development of the Holy Mosque site in Makkah has incorporated an expansion of the western wing of the existing Mosque, and a subsequent enlargement of the building to hold more than a million worshippers during the Holy Month of Ramadan, and during Umrah and Hajj. The expansion project includes over 60,000 square meters of prayer area on the enlarged roof, in addition to another almost 86,000 square meters in the surrounding plaza. Two towering minarets have been added to complement the seven existing whitened stone structures, the latest additions carefully matching the former in architectural style. An elaborate new entrance and 18 other gates have also been built. Other exquisite decorative work commissioned by King Fahd adorns a series of three domes running parallel to the main gate structure and close to 500 marbled columns on the ground and first floors

New prayer halls on the ground and first floors are complete and ready to accommodate the millions who now make the journey of a lifetime to the Holy City of Makkah, and a sophisticated broadcasting network has been installed to cope with the additional requirements. Indeed, the safety and comfort of the Hajjis has become a major concern for the authorities, necessitated by their sheer volume in recent years. The newly laid floor tiles were made of specially developed heat-resistant marble, and to further ensure the comfort of worshippers the whole structure is cooled by one of the world's largest air-conditioning units. To facilitate the movement of worshippers to the newly developed roof area of the Holy Mosque during the busiest seasons, additional escalators have been incorporated alongside a number of fixed stairways in the northern and southern sides of the building. Moreover, in order to reduce the build-up of traffic around the Holy Mosque, the development project has involved the construction of a new tunnel for vehicles in the vicinity of Alsouk Alsagir. Pedestrian routes and tunnels have also been carefully planned and laid out to ensure the safety of the worshippers.

Other improvements resulting from King Fahd's initiative have included a newly laid drainage system. (Flooding and drainage problems had beset the Holy City of Makkah and its holy sites since the pre-Islamic period.)

To facilitate the movement of worshippers to the newly developed roof area of the Holy Mosque during the busiest seasons, additional escalators have been incorporated alongside a number of fixed stairways in the northern and southern sides of the building. To accommodate the escalators, two buildings were constructed. Each building had two sets of escalators. These, added to the escalators installed elsewhere in the Holy Mosque, bring the total number of escalators to 56, with the capacity to handle 105,000 people an hour.

Free car parks, with a 12,000-vehicle capacity, have been provided for pilgrims so that they may leave their cars and travel from the car parks to the Holy Mosque by bus or taxi in ten to twenty minutes, depending on the volume of traffic. Pedestrian routes and tunnels have also been carefully planned and laid out to ensure the safety of the worshippers.

Other improvements resulting from King Fahd’s generous patronage have included a newly laid drainage system. (Flooding and drainage problems had beset the Holy City of Makkah and its Holy Sites since the pre-Islamic period.)

In order to reduce traffic congestion around the Holy Mosque, the development project has involved the construction of a new tunnel for vehicles in the vicinity of Alsouk Alsagir.


His highness custodian of two holy mosques king 
Fahad BIN Abdul Aziz is laying down   inaugural 
stone for the expansion of  Masjid-ul-HaramMakkah. 
Crown prince Abduallah Bin Abdul Aziz is also 
helping king standing on his right.


Since the time of the late King, Abdul Aziz till the time of the Holy custodian, the effort of the kingdom increases year after another to take care of these sacred places, and the provision of rest and security for the pilgrims of the Holy Mosque and the visitors of the Prophet Muhammad's Mosque (P.B.U.H). There is also a project of continuous expansion of the Holy mosques and the other sacred places, which have been widely expanded by King Fahad, which is considered as the largest expansion of these two Holy Mosques in their histories the extension of the area of the Holy Mosque in Makkah from 192,000 sqm to 365,000 sqm, and this has led to the capacity of receiving of the prayers from 410,000 prayers to 773,000 prayer and this expansion receives more than one million prayers at the time of the seasons, especially in the pilgrimage season and in Ramadan by using the near by court yards to the mosque and the ceilings. 
 
 

 

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