The building of Kaaba
This building’s height is 14.58 meters and the
length of Kaaba side is 11.58 meters, and the length
of Hijre Ismael side is 10.22 meters. The building
of Kaaba is made of black and hard stones that
would be revealed fully after pushing aside its cover.
Its pillars are made of melted lead, So this is a
very strong and firm building. The internal bed of
the House of Kaaba is located 1.5 meters above the
ground. Before the Qoraish’s leadership in
Mecca, Kaaba had 2 doors: one was in the
eastern region and the other was in the western
part where they enter from one and exit from the other. But
Qoraish constructed one door only in the
eastern region. Kaaba had double roofs with
wooden pillars that were in one row in the middle.
They installed marble stones around the roof and
constructed a stair near it in order to reach the
upper roof.

The corners of Kaaba

Each one of the 4 corners of the House has its own name:
The northern corner is called Iraqi, the western
corner is Shami, the southern corner is Yemeni and
the eastern one is Asvad. The House of Kaaba has
a square form with a roof, with 3 pillars inside. In
the reconstruction in 1417 A.H, the internal
walls were repaired and new stones were
installed on it.

Hajar Al-Asvad
Hajar Al-Asvad is located at the eastern corner. It
is 1.50 m above the ground. It is a black stone,
reddish with oval shape. Its diagonal is 30
cm with red spots on it. It is framed with silver.

Hijre Ismael
This is the unroofed place in the north of Kaaba. It
has a low and semicircle wall that Ismael built it
like Kaaba as a shelter for his sheep. The Hijre
had been ruined many times but had been rebuilt
again. Circumambulation is done from outside it.

That part of wall which is located between Hajar
Al-Asvad and Kaaba’s door, is called Moltazam,
Because the Hajjis are bounded themselves to
pray in this place.

Mostajar is located in front of the Kaaba’s door
and by the side of the Rokne Yamani. When
Kaaba had 2 doors, one of them was Mostajar.
Then it was closed. It is said that this is the place
splited for Fatima Bint Asad when she gave
birth to Imam Ali (A.S).

Due to the narratives , the surface of Masjid
Al-Haram, which continues as far as the Kaaba’s
wall, is called Hatim. As some of researchers tell,
Hatim is the part that begins from Hajar Al-Asvad
and continues to the side of Zamzam and then to
Magham Ibrahim and Hijre Ismael. This region
as far as the Kaaba’s wall is called Hatim.


The Shazeravan of Kaaba
This is the place, which is surrounded by the
lower sides of Kaaba in 3 directions: western,
eastern and southern sides, and Shazeravan
shows the amount that Qoraysh decreased
from the measures of the Kaaba’s main building.

Magham-e- Ibrahim
It is the stone that Ismael (A.S) took for his father,
Abraham (A.S) to stand on it and get the
materials of Kaaba building from Ismael (A.S). So this
place is called Magham Ibrahim. (Place of

The Zamzam well
The Zamzam well is located 18 meters in the
south of Magham Ibrahim and it is also in the
mosque. When God Flowed Zamzam’s water for
Ismael (A.S), his mother, Hajar, made a small pool
around it to fill her water-skin with water and also
not been wasted. But there is a long time since
Zamzam has been flowing and Mecca has
been using it and who knows how long it would
flow? God Appointed Abdul Motalleb ibn
Hashem -the Messenger’s grandfather (P.B.U.H)
- to it and he dug the well, and his children
became responsible for the well.

Masaa is the place where the Haji should do Saay
between the mountains of Safa and Marveh. The
Safa Mountain is located in the southern part of
Masjid Al-Haram and the Marveh Mountain is
located in the northeast of this region. Masaa is
divided into 2 parts: entrance and exit. Its length
is 394.5 m and its width is about 20 m.

The Kaaba's curtain
There is a black covering which is called the
Kaaba’s curtain or Kasveh.The upper margin of the
curtain is embroidered with verses from the holly Koran.
The material of the curtain is pure silk, which is
decorated with golden and silver strings. It is said
that the first person who covered Kaaba with a curtain
was the Prophet Ismael (A.S). 

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