The holy kabba/Makkah is the center of the earth or it is called the navel of the earth..By the commandment of Almighty Allah the whole earth is divided in to three portion:

From the holy kaba /makkah 4 destinations in different directions around Makkah are determined as the boundaries(hudood)of Arabic it is called HUDOOD_E_HARAM.The name and location of these four  boundedness are as under:
            1.AREA FROM HOLY KABBA /MAKKAH TO MASJID JURANA which is 20 k.m away from
               Makkah on makkah -Taif road.
Board indicating dead end of Haram are fixed there.

             2.AREA FROM HOLY KABBA/MAKKAH TO HUDYBIA which is 21 k.m away from     
Makkah on old Makkah -jeddah highway. Board indicating dead end of Haram are fixed there.

             3. AREA FROM HOLY KABBA/MAKKAH TO SHAMISI  which is 25 k.m away from
                 Makkah on Makkah -jeddah new express way on which now a days pilgrims land at jeddah
                 airport and the residents of jeddah travel towards Makkah and  it is few kilo meter after
                 passing famous monument of QURAN STAND (RAHAL ) on the express way if coming
                 from jeddah . it may be seen by pilgrims easily as they all travel on this road.The sign boards
                 directing non muslims to divert their vehicle to other directions are fixed here at the place
                 where the territories of Haram (HUDOOD-E HARAM )starts.Non muslims are not allowed
                 to enter in pure territories of Makkah.A Check post is also there. It is the spot of shamisi.
                 If you are vigilant and sun light is there , you may say sign board indicating start of Harm
                 territories on the right near mount beside highway.
                k.m away from Makkah(in fact now in makkah city due to makkahs' wast expansion).Now a
days the residents of Makkah and pilgrims staying in makkah after performing their first initial
                umra ,wrap ahram and do neeyat for another umra from this spot.The pilgrims might see sign
                boards fixing here indicating HUDOOD-E-HARAM (territories of Haram)
                 One of sign boards indicating the start of Haram boundries.

The residents living between kabba/Makkah and the above four destinations are technically called "HARMEE" and obviously the area lies under these jurisdiction is technically known as "HARAM".

a)The HARMEE people is bound to go out of Haram jurisdiction (whether jurana or Hudaybia or    
shamisee or Masjid-e-Aisha) to wrap ahram and neeyat for UMRA. But

b) The HARMEE people is allowed to put on ahram from their residence for HAJ.(Harmee people generally
perform Haj -e-ifrad.)

From end of Haram territories(Hudood-e-Haram),earth is further divided in five directions which are called MEEQAT.The areas come between end of Haram boundgires to Meeqatare technically called "HAAL"and the residentsof these areas are technically called "HAALEE".
The five meeqats are :-

  It is the meeqat for the people coming from Madina munnawarah.Prophet Muhammad sallallaho allihiwasalam had worn Ahram here. The distance between it and the prophet's Mosque in madina  is 13 kilo meters and it is 420 kilo meters away from Holy Makkah and it is also the meeqatfor people of qaseem, tabuk and al-joaf (cities of saudi Arabia).               <>It is the meeqat for the people coming from Madina munnawarah.Prophet Muhammad sallallaho allihiwasalam had worn Ahram here. The distance between it and the prophet's Mosque in madina  is 13 kilo meters and it is 420 kilo meters away from Holy Makkah and it is also the meeqatfor people of qaseem, tabuk and al-joaf (cities of saudi Arabia)

Ber-e-Ali (zulhalifa) mosque and its'surroundings
where busess stop and pilgrims wear Ahram.

      out side view of ber-e-Ali(zul- halifa)

Residents of Madinah Al-Munawarah begin Ihram at Thul Hulaifah, which is a well of Bani Jashm located some13 kilo meters from Madinah. It is the farthest Miqat from Makkah.

2. Al--Juhfah: 
It is appointed location for the citizens of  syria (Sham) and it is not ruin and people now consecrate from distance and lies to the west direction of it at a distance of 22 miles. The highway from Madina, towards Makkah, is parallel to Al-Juhfa from Hegira way - at a distance of 208 kilometres from Makkah while Rabigh is 186 kilometre's far from Makkah. Form Rabigh, the citizens of the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia consecrate along with the northern coast of the Kingdom to Al Aqaba, the northern and western African countries as well as the citizens of Lebanon, Syria, Jordan & Palestine along with others who pass by it.

  Inner view of meeqat mosque ---Al-juhafa

1. Residents of Egypt, Syria, Morocco, Turkey and Andalus ( Spain) begin Ihram at Al-Johfah Miqat-Juhfah is a village between Makkah and Madinah. Nowadays it contains a huge mosque, WCs, washing places and places for changing clothes. It is near to the city of Rabigh. All the residents of the mentioned countries above begin Ihram from this Miqat whenever nearing it by air or by sea, because it is not obligatory to start Ihram only if arriving by land.

Ladies prayer room in 

3. Qarn ul - Manazil:
Its' distance from the inside of the valley / wadi to Holy Makkah is 78 kilo meters, form which consecrate the citizens of Najd and the whole East pilgrims: the citizens of the Gulf, Iraq, Iran and other who pass by it. Moreover the citizens of Taif perform consecration from Wadi Muharram which lies along Al Hada highway west of Taif which is 75 kilo meters far from Makkah besides other pilgrims who pass by it. It is not an independent appointed time, but it is the upper road for Qarn ul Manazil.

Meeqat Qaran-ul-manazil

Another  look of Meeqat Qaran-ul-manazil

\Another fine outside look of  Meeqat Qaran-ul-manazil

Little pilgrims have put on Ahram in

4. Yalamlam: 
  Here is a well called Al Saadeyyah and Yalamalm is a great valley/ wadi which descends from Al Sarawat towards Tihama and then pours into the Red Sea. The place & location of consecration of it is 120 kilo meters far from Holy Makkah. Ibn Abbas - Allah's blessing be upon them said, "
The prophet/messenger of Allah - Allah peace & blessings be upon him - appointed Zul Halifa as a location for the citizens of Madina, Al Juhfa for the citizens of Al Sham, Qarn ul Manazil for the citizens of Najd and yalamlam for the citizens of Yemen.

Masjid at meeqat Yalamlam where pilgrims wrap their AHRAMS

 It is the also the meeqat for pakistan and indian pilgrims but they could not see it as they travel by air and flew over it. They are for them and for whoever comes to them for performing Haj & Umrah rites and even the inhabitants of Makkah consecrate them".

Another night view of YALAMLAM Meeqat
Residents of Yemen.pakistan and India begin Ihram at Yalamlam, which is located some 120 kilo meters from Makkah and lies on the Coastal Road that is in contiguity to the Red Sea.

Ahram and eatables available at Yalamlam  meeqat

Meeqat Yalamlam. 

5. Zat-Iraq
It lies to the east of Makkah at a distance of 105 kilo meters and this location is deserted now due to non availability of roads on it. Today, the east pilgrims, who arrive by land, perform consecration form Al Sail/Flood or from Zul Halifah. It is quoted about Ayesha Allah blessings be upon her that: "The Messenger of Allah - peace & blessings be upon him located Zat Irq for the inhabitants of Iraq". This saying/Hadith was not reported to Omar Bin Al Khattab - Allah blessings be upon him - and hence he specified Zat Irq for the inhabitants of Iraq and this is one of his many endeavours wherein he conformed and agreed with the prophet's tradition / Sunna and it is imperative for whoever passes by these appointed locations to consecrate from them while he is prohibited to surpass and overtake them without consecration if he is destined for Makkah for performing Haj or Umrah either if he passes by land, sea or air. It is legislated, for whoever proceeds to Makkah by air for the purpose of Haj or Umrah, to be ready and prepared for that by performing the major, ritual ablution prior to boarding the plane. If he approaches the appointed location, he shall wear his wrapper and dress and then makes accidence for either Haj or Umrah. If he wears his wrapper and dress prior to boarding or prior to approaching the appointed location, it doesn't matter and it's all right, but provided that he should not intend to enter into consecration and must not make accidence unless he comes close or parallel to it since the prophet - Allah peace and blessings be upon - him - consecrated from the appointed location. With regard to those who live beyond these locations such as the population of: Jeddah - Bahra, Shariea and others, their places of residence are their appointed locations form where they consecrate for Haj or Umrah, whereas the citizens of Makkah consecrate for Haj - solely - from Makkah. Whoever wants to consecrate for Umrah or Haj and surpasses the appointed location without wearing the pilgrim's garment for consecration, he should return and consecrate from the appointed location. If he fails to return, he should offer blood which suffices in sacrifice, since Ibn Abbas - Allah blessings be upon them - said, "Whoever forgets any thing of his asceticism or leaves it, he should shed and spill out blood". Moreover, whoever proceeds to Makkah without the intention of performing either Haj or Umrah but for the purpose of trading or assuming works for him or others or visiting his relatives or others, he should not have performed consecration unless he intends that since the prophet - Allah peace & blessings be upon him said - when he appointed the locations…. "They are for them and whoever passes by them, other than their inhabitants for whoever wants to perform Haj & Umrah …". The concept of the prophet's Hadith is that whoever passes by the appointed locations and has no intention of performing either Haj or Umrah's rites, he is not obliged to

perform the ritual consecration.
Residents of Iraq and Countries of the East begin Ihram at That Iriq Miqat which is a village located some 90 kilo meters from Makkah. It was named after Iriq Mountain that lies and arises above Al-Aqeeq Valley

Meeqats map

The HAALEE people may wrap Ahram and do neeyat from their residence to perform UMRA.

The third remaing earth beyond 5 meeqats is called "AFAQ"and the residents of remaing earth is technically called "AFAQEE"

Afaqee people are bound to wear ahram and do neeyat before crossing one of above meeqats for HAJ as well as for UMRA. For Afaqee people Meeqat is verty inportant both for Haj and Umra.